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Where is CBD Living?

Where is CBD Living?

CBD products are becoming more popular because of their ability to help with stress, ease muscle soreness, and just improve your overall mood. If you’ve never tried it before, we definitely recommend it.

But even if you’re the most avid CBD user, you may still be wondering where exactly CBD comes from. After all, it does so much for our overall wellbeing that it doesn’t even like it can be made from anything on planet earth.

Believe it or not, CBD is as natural as things can get. CBD, and other cannabinoids like THC, come directly from the cannabis sativa plant. Let’s talk about where CBD comes from, how it works, and how it can be extracted for you to use.

What Part of the Cannabis Plant Does CBD Come From?

CBD is short for cannabidiol, and it comes from the cannabis sativa plant. Cannabis sativa is a green plant with long leaves that sort of represent a bunch of conjoined spears.

While this is the same plant you smoke out of a bowl or pipe to feel high, CBD is not psychoactive in any way. With that said, it can still bring you all of the other full-body benefits that make THC so great.

CBD is often confused with hemp seeds as well, since these also come from the cannabis plant. Hemp is often used as a dietary supplement because it contains a number of fatty acids that are good for heart health, but it’s also used as a topical in lotions or hair products.

The main difference between hemp seed and CBD is that, as the name implies, hemp seed only comes from the cannabis plant’s seeds. In contrast, CBD is present in all parts of the plant including the stem, flowers, leaves, and roots.

But just because CBD exists in the cannabis plant doesn’t mean you can just pick one up and start chomping to feel its effects. The compounds which compose cannabinoids must be extracted through an extremely complex and delicate process before you can use them.

How is CBD Extracted From the Cannabis Plant?

Getting the CBD out of cannabis plants is not an easy task to accomplish. It requires an extraction technician with a background in chemistry and biology. Minor mistakes can cost cultivators a ton of money, as it often means throwing away entire batches.

There are a few different ways to extract CBD, but the main way is through something called Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Extraction. This requires CO2 to reach its supercritical state, which allows it to become a solvent.

The first step involves taking CO2 in its natural gas state and exposing it to extremely low temperatures and high pressure. This liquidates the CO2, which is required before it can reach its supercritical phase.

After that, the liquid CO2 is exposed to even more high pressure and higher temperatures, turning it into that supercritical fluid. Then, it is pushed through a chamber that contains raw cannabis. Since it acts as a solvent, it is able to draw out CBD and other natural compounds that you can find in a typical cannabis product.

This is a very simplified explanation of how this process works, but you get the general idea. A lot of effort goes into bringing you the highest quality products!

How Are Hemp Plants Grown?

While CBD and hemp come from the same plant, there are differences in how these are cultivated. Industrial hemp is grown for the purpose of food, fuel, and building materials rather than for cosmetic or personal use.

With that in mind, farmers can grow industrial hemp at a planting rate of 400,000 per acre. These plants grow tall and need to be regularly cut down in order to use the stalk for industrial purposes. Industrial hemp has been legal for quite some time, and that’s why you may have seen hemp products available in stores for your entire life.

On the other hand, CBD was only recently legalized, so its cultivation processes are a bit different. For one, it can only be grown at a rate of about 1,000 per acre, which often explains why it tends to be pricier than traditional hemp. Also, farmers run into challenges because their CBD cannot exceed 0.3% THC, so it can be difficult to use seeds from outside of the U.S. despite their abundance overseas.

CBD plants are treated and tended to as separate plants rather than traditional hemp which is treated similarly to wheat.

Also, with more marijuana legalization laws being passed across the country, you can actually grow your own plants right from home. While this is a painstaking process and won’t yield as much as a farmer, it can be a fun pastime to keep you busy.

What Else Lives in Hemp Plants?

CBD is not the only thing that lives inside of hemp plants. In fact, some of the best CBD products on the market are a combination of different compounds that can all work in unison to bring you feelings of bliss.

Other Cannabinoids

While you’re probably familiar with the cannabinoids CBD and THC, there are actually believed to be over 100 cannabinoids that exist within the hemp plant. One of these is CBN, or cannabinol. This is believed to have appetite stimulating properties as well as cleansing, making it a useful addition for both edibles and topical products.

There’s also CBC, or cannabichromene. This is believed to help soothe pain and muscle tension from exercise.

Terpenes

In addition to the chemical elements that make marijuana so soothing, there’s something about the smell that makes it so relaxing as well. From the fruity aroma of Pink Champagne to the skunky smell of Sour Diesel, the scent takes on a life of its own.

These aromas are thanks to terpenes which are secreted from the same glands as CBD and THC. Their main purpose in the plant was to attract pollinators while repelling predators. However, every plant strain has a distinct smell and flavor that makes them useful for a variety of CBD products.

Some of them promote relaxation, such as strains that are reminiscent of rosemary or other essential oils. But some are meant to energize you, like the citrusy terpene limonene.

Fatty Acids

Over 30% of the weight of cannabis sativa fruits are made of triglycerides, which your body uses for energy. While high levels of triglycerides can become unhealthy, they are a necessary component for good health.

Cannabis seeds have other fatty acids too such as linolenic acid, behenic acid, oleic acid, and more.

Are There Different Types of CBD?

Even though the CBD in your topicals and edibles all come from the same plant, they’re not all built exactly the same. There are different types of CBD, and they’re differentiated by all of the factors listed above.

First, there’s CBD isolate. As the name implies, this is just pure, 100% CBD. That means it doesn’t contain any of the other ingredients that also exist in the hemp plant. While this may seem like the most authentic kind, it actually is known to be the least effective type of CBD.

Next, there’s broad-spectrum CBD. This type of cannabidiol contains CBD as well as the additional terpenes, cannabinoids, and fatty acids that also exist within the plant. The only thing this kind doesn’t contain is any THC content.

Finally, full-spectrum CBD contains everything you’d find in broad-spectrum, except it also contains THC. By law, a full-spectrum CBD product can have up to 0.3% THC content. While this isn’t enough to make you feel high, it is enough to let you feel some of the benefits of THC.

Broad and full-spectrum CBD products tend to be more effective than CBD isolate because of something called the entourage effect. This hypothesizes that when all of the elements in CBD products work together in unison, they can enhance each other’s positive effects.

So, when you’re looking for new CBD products, it’s best to go with full-spectrum in order to feel the most benefits.

What Else is Added to CBD?

When you get a CBD oil, for instance, there are other compounds within the product that do not originate from the hemp plant itself. In the case of oil, CBD is combined with a carrier oil like coconut oil to reduce its potency.

However, other beneficial additives like essential oils can help to enhance the soothing and calming properties of CBD to make for an all-around effective product. For example, it can coincide with Eucalyptus in a CBD bath bomb to make for a cooling sensation on your whole body.

How Does CBD Work?

CBD is highly versatile. It can balance your mood while also helping you catch some sleep and ease achy joints. The reason it is so useful for so many different aspects of your health is because of the way it interacts with your body’s endocannabinoid system.

The endocannabinoid system is a complex pathway that is responsible for regulating a number of processes like mood, sleep, appetite, and pain sensation. It relies on cannabinoids such as CBD and THC to function. However, your body makes cannabinoids even if you don’t use cannabis products.

When cannabinoids bind with cannabinoid receptors, they can do different things. For example, if a cannabinoid binds with a CB2 receptor in the central nervous system, it may inhibit inflammatory mediators and soothe the pain in your knees from exercise. Likewise, it can bind with CB1 receptors in the brain to make you feel more calm and relaxed.

This is similar to how THC works, except that THC tends to bind to these same receptors more aggressively. This is what causes the feelings of euphoria as opposed to the more mild sensations that are exhibited by CBD. So, if you’ve never used CBD before, you don’t need to worry about losing cognitive control throughout the day.

In Conclusion

CBD is a natural compound that originates from the cannabis, or hemp, plant. It’s often confused with hemp seed, but CBD lives inside of every part of the plant (stems, leaves, flowers) rather than just the seeds. These plants can be grown by farmers for industrial use, or they can even be grown right in your own home in legal states.

You can’t use raw cannabis to feel the effects of CBD, so it requires extraction through a complex and delicate process called CO2 extraction. During this, CO2 is turned into a supercritical fluid and passed through raw cannabis, acting as a solvent to draw out CBD and other cannabinoids.

CBD and THC aren’t the only things that live inside of the hemp plant that can bring you benefits. There are also other cannabinoids like CBC and CBN, aromatic terpenes, and healthy fatty acids. When all of these are combined into a broad or full-spectrum CBD product, it can produce the entourage effect, which enhances each of their benefits.

CBD works by interacting with your endocannabinoid system, and since it doesn’t bind to cannabinoid receptors as aggressively as THC, it brings you feelings of level-headedness and ease without the buzz.

Sources:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2868018/

http://www.supercriticalfluid.org/Supercritical-fluids.146.0.html

https://www.agriculture.com/news/crops/what-farmers-need-to-know-about-growing-hemp

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3736954/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3417459/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324885/

https://www.jyi.org/2018-june/2018/6/1/the-endocannabinoid-system-our-universal-regulator

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